By Deepta Bolaky
“Australians watch housing markets carefully, perhaps more so than citizens of any other country.”
Speaking at the Australian Financial Review’s annual business summit, RBA Governor Philip Lowe talked about the Housing Market and the Economy. The Governor spoke about:
The Housing sector remains a worrying factor for the Australians and the RBA. The Governor commented on how the nationwide housing prices increased by almost 50% from 2013 to 2017. The declines have been more pronounced in Sydney and Melbourne because the increase in prices was also more prominent in those two areas. He also stated how rent inflation has been weak in most places to the exception of Hobart.
The interesting takeaway from the speech is how the subsequent decline in the housing markets was unprecedented. Despite an increase in mortgage rates by the big four, borrowing costs remain relatively low. The unemployment rate is also going down which means that the falling prices are not directly related to interest rate and unemployment.
Philip Lowe provided some insights on the factors driving the housing market at the moment:
“It is useful to start with the national picture (Graph 5). Australia’s population growth picked up noticeably in the mid-2000s, and it took the better part of a decade for the rate of home building to respond. It took time to plan, to obtain council approvals, to arrange finance and to build the new homes. Not surprisingly, housing prices went up. Eventually, though, the supply response did take place. Over recent times, the number of dwellings in Australia has been increasing at the fastest rate in more than two decades. Again, not surprisingly, prices have responded to this extra supply.”
Another critical factor is that the foreign demand coming from China has waned.Lenders became more risk averse impacting the credit availability.
The housing sector is having a rippling effect on the macroeconomy. Wage growth adds another layer of uncertainty because expectations of future income growth have been revised down and coupled with falling home values, consumer spending is taking a hit. Investment in real estate is also likely to be sidelined.
However, the RBA is still expecting “that as the labour market tightens, wages growth will increase further. In turn, this should boost household income and spending and provide a counterweight to the fall in housing prices. The pick-up in spending is, in turn, expected to put upward pressure on inflation. Of course, it is possible that inflation could move higher for other reasons, although the likelihood of this at the moment seems low. This means that a lot depends upon the labour market.”
The Governor concluded that they have the flexibility to adjust monetary policy in either direction as required.
*Full Speech available on www.rba.gov.au